Topic/Sub-topic Content Learning Outcomes
1 Whole numbers
1.1 Numbers up to 100 Include:
  • counting to tell the number of objects in a given set,
  • comparing the number of objects in two or more sets,
  • use of ordinal numbers (first, second, up to tenth) and symbols (1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.),
  • number notation and place values (tens, ones),
  • reading and writing numbers in numerals and in words,
  • comparing and ordering numbers,
  • number patterns


  • use of the terms ‘cardinal number’ and ‘ordinal number’,
  • use of the symbols > and <.
1.2 Addition and subtraction Include:

concepts of addition and subtraction,

  • use of the addition symbol (+) or subtraction symbol (−) to write a mathematical statement for a given situation,
  • comparing two numbers within 20 to tell how much one number is greater (or smaller) than the other,
  • recognising the relationship between addition and subtraction,
  • building up the addition bonds up to 9 + 9 and committing to memory,
  • solving 1-step word problems involving addition and subtraction within 20,
  • addition of more than two 1-digit numbers,
  • addition and subtraction within 100 involving
    • a 2-digit number and ones,
    • a 2-digit number and tens,
    • two 2-digit numbers,
  • addition and subtraction using formal algorithms
1.3 Mental calculation   Include:
  • addition and subtraction within 20,
  • addition and subtraction involving
    • a 2-digit number and ones without renaming,
    • a 2-digit number and tens
1.4 Multiplication and division   Include:
  • multiplication as repeated addition (within 40),
  • use of the multiplication symbol (×) to write a mathematical statement for a given situation,
  • division of a quantity (not greater than 20) into equal sets:
    • given the number of objects in each set,
    • given the number of sets,
  • solving 1-step word problems with pictorial representation.


  • use of multiplication tables,
  • use of the division symbol (÷).
2 Fractions
3 Decimals
4 Percentages
5 Ratios
6 Measurement
6.1 Length and mass Include:
  • measurement and comparison of the lengths/ masses of two or more objects in non-standard units,
  • use of the following terms:
  • long, longer, longest
  • short, shorter, shortest
  • tall, taller, tallest
  • high, higher, highest
  • heavy, heavier, heaviest
  • light, lighter, lightest


  • finding the difference in length/ mass.
6.2 Time Include:
  • telling and writing time to the hour/ half hour.
  • 24-hour clock
6.3 Money Include:
  • identifying coins and notes of different denomination,
  • matching a coin/ note of one denomination to an equivalent set of coins/ notes of another denomination,
  • telling the amount of money
    • in cents up to $1,
    • in dollars up to $100.
  • use of the symbols $ and ¢,
  • solving word problems involving addition and subtraction of money in dollars only (or in cents only).
  • combinations of dollars and cents
7 Geometry
7.1 Basic shapes
  • rectangle
  • square
  • circle
  • triangle
  • identifying and naming the 4 basic shapes from 2-D and 3-D objects,
  • describing and classifying shapes
7.2 Patterns Include:
  • making/ completing patterns with 2-D cut-outs according to one or two of the following attributes
    • shape
    • size
    • colour
  • making / completing patterns with 3-D models:
    • cube
    • cuboid (rectangular block)
    • cone
    • cylinder
8.1 Picture graphs   Include:
  • collecting and organising data,
  • making picture graphs,
  • use of a symbol/picture to represent one object,
  • reading and interpreting picture graphs in both horizontal and vertical forms.


  • picture graphs with scales.

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Page last modified on January 11, 2009, at 02:44 PM