Squares

 Definition: In geometry, a square is a 2-dimensional figure with four equal sides and four right (90°) angles. Interactivity 1: Square    Directions for interactivity Click and drag points A and B to resize, move and rotate. This browser does not have a Java Plug-in. Get the latest Java Plug-in here.
Basic formulas for square with side a : perimeter is: L=4a , and area is: A=a^2 .

Examples with perimeter and area of square

Side length: a Perimeter: L=4a Area: A=a^2
3 \,cm 4 \cdot 3\,cm=12\,cm 3 \,cm \cdot 3 \,cm=3^2 \,cm^2=9 \,cm^2
2,5 \,m 4 \cdot 2,5 \,m=10 \,m 2,5 \,m \cdot 2,5 \,m=(2,5)^2 \,m^2=6,25 \,m^2
Interactivity 2: Construct a square.
 1. Check out the square in the left window.  1.a Choose the icon.  1.b Click and drag the slider button to increase or decrease the square size as desired.  1.c Click and drag the point B to slant the square as desired. Notice that the square ALWAYS remains a square. 2. You do it in the right window.  2.a Construct a square in the right window with the same properties.  2.b If you need help, click to open a new window with complete directions. Check that the square ALWAYS remains a square.
 This browser does not have a Java Plug-in. Get the latest Java Plug-in here. This browser does not have a Java Plug-in. Get the latest Java Plug-in here.
 Equivalent Definitions: A square is a rectangle with 4 equal sides. A square is a rhombus with 4 right angles. A square is a regular polygon? with 4 sides. Theorems The diagonals of a square are of equal length (follows because a square is a rectangle). The diagonals of a square intersect at right 90° angle (follows because a square is a rhombus).

Related themes: