Definition 1: Two geometric figures are congruent or equivalent if the are the same shape and size. This means that if you cut out the second figure with scissors, you can place it over the first figure and they match exactly (you are allowed to turn the piece of paper over).The symbol for congruency is \cong . For example, {\triangle \text{ABC}}\, \cong \,\triangle \text{DEF} is read "triangles АВС and DEF are congruent". Interactivity 1: Congruent triangles Directions for interactivity Click and drag the slider buttons to change the size. Click and drag the zoom button as needed. Click and point blue points to move and rotate triangle T1 to match triangle T2. 
The symbol \cong comes from \sim plus = (similar plus equal). Mathematically, two geometric figures or objects are congruent if there is a combination of a translation (shift), rotation and/or reflection so that the figures match exactly. (In the above, 'cutting with scissors' is a translation and rotation and 'turning the paper over' is a reflection :) .) Deductions (because they are the same shape...)

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